Excerpted from Rotary International Bylaws:

 
16.090. Duties of a Governor.
The governor is the officer of RI in the district, functioning under the general control and supervision of the board.  The governor is charged with the duty of furthering the Object of Rotary by providing leadership and supervision of the clubs in the district.  The governor should work with district and club leaders to encourage participation in a district leadership plan as may be developed by the board.  The governor shall provide inspiration and motivation to the clubs in the district.  The governor shall also ensure continuity within the district by working with past, current, and incoming district leaders in fostering effective clubs.  The governor shall be responsible for the following activities in the district:
 
  • (a)    organizing new clubs;
  • (b)    strengthening existing clubs;
  • (c)    promoting membership growth by working with district leaders and club presidents to establish realistic membership goals for each club in the district;
  • (d)    supporting The Rotary Foundation with respect to program participation and financial contributions;
  • (e)    promoting cordial relations among the clubs and between the clubs and RI;
  • (f)    planning for and presiding at the district conference and assisting the governor-elect in the planning and preparation for the presidents-elect training seminar and the district training assembly;
  • (g)    providing for an official visit meeting individually or in multi-club meetings conducted throughout the year to take place at a time that maximizes the governor’s presence for the purpose of:
  •     1.     focusing attention on important Rotary issues;
  •     2.     providing special attention to weak and struggling clubs;
  •     3.     motivating Rotarians to participate in service activities;
  •     4.     ensuring that the constitution and bylaws of the clubs comply with the constitutional documents, especially following councils on legislation; and
  •     5.     personally recognizing the outstanding contributions of Rotarians in the district;
  • (h)    issuing a monthly letter to each club president and secretary in the district;
  • (i)    reporting promptly to RI as may be required by the president or the board;
  • (j)    supplying the governor-elect, as soon as possible following his or her election prior to the international assembly, full information as to the condition of clubs with recommended action for strengthening clubs;
  • (k)    assuring that district nominations and elections are conducted in accordance with the RI constitution, these bylaws, and the established policies of RI;
  • (l)    inquiring on a regular basis about the activities of Rotarian organizations operating in the district (Friendship Exchanges, intercountry committees, Global Networking Groups, etc.);
  • (m)    transferring continuing district files to the governor-elect; and
  • (n)    performing such other duties as are inherent as the officer of RI.